South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere. It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas, which is how it is viewed in Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the planet.
The reference to South America instead of other continents like North America or Central America is due to its location on the planet; South America lies entirely to the south of North America, and also includes some islands off its coast. South American countries are: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.
South America has a rich history and culture that has been shaped by indigenous peoples, European colonization and immigration from other continents. Geographically, South America can be divided into three main regions: the Andes Mountains in the west; the lowland plains and river basins in the center.
South American countries are home to some of the world’s most iconic landmarks, including Machu Picchu, the Amazon rainforest, and the Atacama Desert. South America is also home to a diverse range of animals, including llamas, alpacas, jaguars, and anacondas.
The South American continent also includes French Guiana, which is an overseas department of France. South America has an area of 17.8 million square kilometers and a population of over 423 million people. It is home to Amazon rainforest, the Atacama Desert and the Andes mountain range.
Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient ruins or learning about new cultures, South America is sure to offer an unforgettable experience.